CREST Project Consortium showcases an overall representation of 23 partners from 16 countries.

The 8 Law Enforcement Agencies participating in CREST project originate from 8 countries.

CREST consortium also comprises 7 Research & Academic Institutions, 7 Industry partners and 1 Civil Organization.

Serviciul de Protectie si Paza (SPP)

The Protection and Guard Service (SPP) is a state body with functions in the field of national security, specialized in providing protection for the Romanian dignitaries, the foreign dignitaries during their stay in Romania, and their families, within its legal competence. It also provides guard for the headquarters and residences of the above-mentioned dignitaries in accordance with the decisions of the Supreme Council of National Defence. SPP has a military structure and is part of the national defence system and through its specialized structures, has among other the following functions: organizes and carries out activities in order to prevent and annihilate any action that might be a threat to the life, physical integrity, freedom of action and health of the persons whose protection is in its charge; carries out the guard and defence of these persons’ headquarters and residences; organizes and carries out, overtly or under cover, activities of gathering, checking and using the necessary intelligence, only with a view to completing its missions accordingly to the law ; carries out exchange of intelligence and cooperates with intelligence services as well as with similar departments both within the country and abroad, in order to fulfil the specific missions stipulated by law; organizes and conducts, during the missions of protection and guard, the activity of all the participating forces; intervenes, independently or in cooperation with other institutions designated by the law in order to prevent or counteract the actions that may endanger the life, physical integrity, health or freedom of action of the protected as well as the security of the guarded objectives.

Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH)

The Centre for Research and Technology-Hellas (CERTH), founded in 2000, is the only research centre in Northern Greece and one of the largest in the country, and consists of the five institutes: (a) Chemical Process & Energy Resources Institute (CPERI), (b) Information Technologies Institute (ITI), (c) Hellenic Institute of Transport (HIT), (d) Institute of Applied Biosciences (INAB), (e) Institute for Research and Technology Thessaly (IRETETH). In CONNEXIONs, CERTH participates through ITI. The Information Technologies Institute (ITI) of CERTH has been a founding member of CERTH since 2000. Two CERTH-ITI teams participate at CREST: (i) the Multimedia Knowledge and Social Data Analytics laboratory (MKLab) and (ii) the Convex Cognitive Adaptive Optimization group (ConvCAO).

MKLab has significant security research experience and scientific expertise on the discovery and mining of heterogeneous multilingual and multimedia (Surface/Deep/Dark) Web resources, social media monitoring, OSINT, semantic integration of heterogeneous resources, as well as activity recognition and object detection in multimedia data, including surveillance videos. MKLab also has a wide experience in statistical machine learning based methods, semantic reasoning, analysis and interoperability, content and service representation, multimedia forensics, topic/event/community detection, and visual analytics. In recent years, the team has coordinated and participated in more than 60 European and National research projects in the areas of multimedia processing, information extraction, and social media monitoring and analysis; the complete list can be found at: mklab.iti.gr/projects. The team also exploits the results of European projects through its spin-off companies Infalia (www.infalia.com) and Carealia (www.carealia.gr).

ConvCAO (www.convcao.com) has profound knowledge and broad experience in intelligent control and optimization of large-scale complex cyber-physical systems and their practical application in real-life. More specifically, the team is one of the world leaders as far as it concerns large-scale complex cyber-physical systems such as swarms of robots, smart traffic and transportation systems, and energy efficient system control. Theoretical research activities resulted in the development of popular intelligent control & optimization methodologies with many different real-life, ultra-large-scale implementations worldwide. This team of CERTH participates in 2 H2020 project on swarms for robots: RAWFIE (on platform for future internet infrastructures for swarms of robots) and ROBORDER (on swarms of heterogeneous robots for border surveillance). It has also coordinated 4 FP7 ICT projects: NOPTILUS (on Swarms of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles), LOCAL4GLOBAL (on Systems-of-Systems Optimal Control), AGILE (on reconfigurable/self-tunable control of large complex systems) and PEBBLE (on control and optimization of positive-energy buildings) and participated in 2 FP7 projects: sFLY (swarms of flying robots) and BAAS (on sensor/actuator networks for Energy Efficient Buildings and Neighbourhoods).

Motorola Solutions (MSIL)

Motorola Solutions creates innovative, mission-critical communication solutions and services that connects people through technology and help more than 100,000 public safety and commercial customers in more than 100 countries build safer cities and thriving communities. Our solutions span across a variety of industries including law enforcement, fire, emergency medical services, national government security, utilities, mining, energy, manufacturing, health care, retail, transportation, logistics, education, and public services.

Established in 1964, Motorola Solutions Israel (MSIL) is the company’s oldest R&D centre outside North America. MSIL develops and provides 4G LTE Mission Critical communications devices; comprehensive command and control systems for smart cities; Incident Area Networks (IAN); Security; Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT); tailored solutions for public safety organizations, airports, energy and utility companies, municipalities, and critical infrastructure in general. MSIL is one of the leading high-tech companies in Israel. It comprises several business units involved in the company’s R&D, marketing and sales activities, solutions, and integration services functions. MSIL’s Advanced Services group is responsible for ‎planning, implementing, and supporting solutions and systems for all customers in Israel and the export ‎markets and worldwide ‎customers. The group employs highly-qualified engineers specialising in ‎analysis, planning, design, provisioning, integration, on-site deployment, and management of projects and systems ‎for institutional and public ‎safety customers. The group develops and deploys Safe ‎City Solutions in Israel and abroad. These solutions include full command and control application and service suites‎, wireless access networks, mobile video, analytics, GIS, incident ‎management, public announcement, emergency buttons, and more.

Centre of Excellence in Terrorism, Resilience, Intelligence and Organised Crime Research (CENTRIC)

CENTRIC (Centre of Excellence in Terrorism, Resilience, Intelligence & Organised Crime Research) is a multidisciplinary, security-focused research centre at Sheffield Hallam University. The strategic aim of CENTRIC is to develop and facilitate the collaboration between four key stakeholders in the security domain: Citizens, Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA’s), Industry and Academia. Consequently, CENTRIC is able to provide solutions to the most pressing global safety and security challenges by delivering ground-breaking research, advanced technological capabilities, professional expertise and training. CENTRIC has close links with a number of local, national and international LEA’s, security specialist groups and international organisations as well as collaborating with leading technology providers. This enables CENTRIC to offer innovative solutions informed by the operational reality of the modern day security sector. The team has experience of more than 20 independent, EU and international research projects. The staff and partners of CENTRIC have a strong applied orientation and proven track record in multiple disciplines.

EVERIS (EVERIS)

Everis is a multi-national consulting company offering business development and strategy, technological applications maintenance and outsourcing solutions. Our consulting firm works in the banking, energy and utilities, financial, industrial, insurance, media, public administration, healthcare and telecommunications sectors. Currently, everis group has operations in several European and Latin American countries, United States and a professional staff of more than 16,000 consultants. Thanks to our office in Brussels, everis is able to deliver the most innovative solutions and maintain easy communications channels with European customers. Everis is structured around five business areas: everis Business Consulting, everis Solutions, everis Operations, everis BPO and everis Initiatives.

Lorem University of Technology (WAT)

Military University of Technology is a public technical university under Ministry of Science and Higher Education as well as Ministry of Defense. The entire university is divided into seven technical faculties. Institute of Optoelectronics (IOE) is the research institute with faculty status within the Military University of Technology. IOE activities are mainly focused on basic and applied research in the fields of optoelectronics and photonic technologies. The principal mission of the IOE is research and development related to defense and security needs defined by the Ministry of Defense (MoD). IOE activities include a wide range of undertakings, ranging from basic scientific investigations, development of laboratory models and technology demonstrators, to testing prototypes. The remarkable professional competence and experience of the staff at the IOE enables an interdisciplinary approach towards research tasks and development projects. The IOE conducts scientific research in the field of laser physics, photonics, optics, optoelectronics, security systems, spectroscopy, thermo-vision, biometrics, signal detection and the interaction of laser radiation with matter.

SIVECO Romania (SIVECO)

SIVECO Romania SA is a private shareholder company, established in 1992, located in Bucharest, Romania. During its existence, SIVECO has become the largest Romanian software development company and provider of software solutions like Security, eLearning, eHealth, eAgriculture, eCustoms ERM L&M, eGovernment, solutions and turnkey projects acting both on the internal and international markets, and one of the most successful software integrators from Central and Eastern Europe. SIVECO provides services on the whole life cycle of projects: analysis of users’ requirements, design, development, testing, implementation, end-users training and technical assistance, and system maintenance. SIVECO staff consists of IT specialists covering all stages of projects development: analysts, business consultants, system architects, programmers for different platforms, implementers, testers, DBAs, data analysts, accredited train-ers. The solutions developed by SIVECO Romania are based on successful and mature existing products and custom-made software, operating on various platforms and databases. They are web standard compatible and can be easily integrated with other applications and internal or external databases (Geographical Information Systems, database sharing, Business Intelligence Applications, etc).

Maynooth University (NUIM)

Maynooth University is a constituent college of the National University of Ireland. It is an internationally recognised institution, located 25 kilometres outside of Dublin, Ireland, and is Ireland’s fastest growing university with 12,000 students from 90 countries around the world. It has approximately 925 academic, research and professional personnel. As a young university, Maynooth in 2017 was placed in the global top 50 universities under 50 years old in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. In addition, Maynooth University is recognised among the top 400 universities in the world, the top 200 European universities, and as one of the top 200 universities for international connections and outlook. NUIM is home to the Maynooth University Dept. of Psychology and the Maynooth University Social Science Institute (MU-SSI) and is especially strong on behavioural and social scientific research applied to complex sociotechnical and security systems. NUIM will provide the following expertise and capabilities: The NUIM has expertise in a wide range of activities including: Human-computer interaction and Human Factors research and methods, Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), behavioural anthropology and psychology of security. NUIM has expertise in applied psychology and the broader social sciences (including anthropology and sociology). Much of this expertise is associated with the analysis of human behaviour, needs and requirements, and the effects of technological change with a view to guiding the process of innovation and design to meet the needs of end-users and society.

COPTING GmbH (COPT)

Full Service provider for UAV operations (consulting, operations, construction, training, research). Copting is engaged in the professional and industrial UAV business. Covering the industry and public services needs with technical and operational consulting to the use of UAVs, the company also operates UAVs for clients, designs and builds UAVs up to 25 Kg MTOW and is providing flight training and support. With institutes of different universities several R&D projects for development and implementation of sensors and flight management components are ongoing. Also Copting is operating a test and training center in a secured area able to perform sophisticated training and education services as well as testing for UAVs of different concepts. The test center is accredited as Test Center of UAV DACH e.V.

CyberLens B.V. (CLS)

CyberLens B.V. is an innovative SME specialising in cyber security and privacy engineering, based in Eindhoven, Netherlands. CyberLens offers a team of researchers and developers with advanced degrees in cybersecurity security and privacy, cyber-physical security, cyber defence decision strategies, mobile network security, sensor network security, and having previously participated in over 30 EU projects. The company was established to undertake both theoretic and applied research, shape the development of complex software, and disseminate knowledge by working hand-in-hand with European large industries, SMEs, research centres and universities. The company’s portfolio includes software development, IT research, and business consultancy. CyberLens’s executive team members have a rich track record in developing software, publishing their research in high impact factor venues, attracting research and innovation fund and participating successfully in research and innovation projects. CyberLens currently participates in several H2020 projects focusing on cyber security in the areas of border security, 5G infrastructures, healthcare, energy and autonomous mobility.

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA)

The University of Athens (UoA) started operations on May 1837. It was the first University not only in the newly established Greek State but also in all the Balkans and the Eastern Mediterranean in general. Presently, the University has five Schools and a total of twenty-nine Departments located in four campuses near the centre of Athens. Full-time undergraduate enrolment exceeds 35,000 students. The Department of Informatics and Telecommunications (DIT, http://www.di.uoa.gr/eng) was founded in 1989. It consists of three divisions: Computer Science; Computer Systems and Applications; Telecommunications and Signal Processing. The Department has about 38 faculty members and over 200 M.Sc. and Ph.D. students. UoA will participate in CREST through the Network Technologies Services and Applications (NETSA) Lab. NETSA was legally established in 2016 within the UoA. NETSA staff comprises of a number of acknowledged researchers and engineers specializing in the fields of telecommunications, data networks, security, multimedia applications, distributed, mobile and pervasive systems. During the past years NETSA has been actively involved in a number of international projects, funded mainly by the European Commission, as well as national projects, funded by Greek Ministries or other organizations. NETSA has coordinated technical activities in numerous projects and acted as coordinator in the H2020 RAWFIE project.

ROBOTNIK (ROB)

Robotnik started its activity in 2002 and is currently a leading company in the European service robotics market. Robotnik is specialized in Mobile Robotics. Products: Robotics product manufacturing (mobile robot platforms, mobile manipulators), Service Robotics Applications: (development of robots for performing autonomous tasks for the wellbeing of humans or machines, excluding manufacturing), principally Robots for Logistics and Robots for Inspection. Robotnik is an SME and its team is formed by 45 persons including engineers and R&D team, having the following certifications: ISO 9001:08 Design, manufacturing and commercialization of products and systems based in robotics technology. UNE 166002:06 R&D Management in the development of robotics projects. OHSAS 18001 Certification of occupational health and safety management systems.

Universität Wien Department of Digitalisation and Innovation in Law (UNIVIE)

The University of Vienna is a research university enjoying high international visibility. Its profile reflects the characteristics of the area it is located in, and understands research as a global challenge. The Juridicum is the Law Faculty of the University of Vienna. It is the oldest and largest legal faculty in the German-speaking world. For more than six centuries, the Law has been researched and taught here. Today the faculty hosts more than 10,000 students and about 600 employees. The Department of Innovation and Digitalisation in Law, being part of University’s of Vienna School of Law, was founded in October 2017 to face new legal questions and challenges in the 21st century. The department deals with legal questions surrounding IT/IP law from a European perspective, with an emphasis on data protection and data security law. Among the tasks of its head, Prof. Dr. Nikolaus Forgó, is the objective to stratify, bundle and foster the existing research initiatives on digitalisation and IT at the law school. One important focus is the participation in third-party funded legal research, especially EU-funded projects.

IN MANIBUS MEIS (INMM)

IN MANIBUS MEIS is an Italian company based in the region of Emilia Romagna in the North East of Italy. INMM®’s main business activities include design, development and production of innovative ‘out of hospital’ medical information systems to support first responders and clinical organisations. These solution fall under the category of ‘mHealth’ and include networked systems based on mobile devices such as smart-phones, tablets and personal digital assistants. Our technology is not dependent on physical infrastructure because we utilise wireless infrastructure for the delivery of health information in critical scenarios, aimed at supporting health surveillance, patient tracking and communication among multiple agencies in major accident events, mass gatherings and remote areas. Our company is an approved supplier to the Italian Ministry of Health, Italian Red Cross and the Ministry of Defence. Our mission is to exploit information and communication technologies (ICT) to improve patient data, information and the sharing of this data between health services providers and health professionals. We have a track record of developing tailored products that suit the requirements of the end-user. INMM was incorporated in 2007 and since then, we have demonstrated 10 years of innovation and field deployment to reach our current levels of product development. We realised this through continued development and evaluation to ensure our products are robust and fit for purpose.

Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI)

The Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) is the Law Enforcement Agency (LEA) with responsibility for the delivery of policing in Northern Ireland. The PSNI was established in 2001 as part of the recommendations of the Good Friday Agreement and is the successor to Royal Ulster Constabulary GC. PSNI headquarters is based in Belfast. For the Police Service of Northern Ireland, keeping people safe is what we do; Policing with the Community is how we do it. Policing with the Community is about understanding and responding to the human impact of policing. It is about creating real participation between the police and the community – a partnership in which policing reflects and responds to the community’s needs. The central role of the PSNI is to help build a safe, confident and peaceful Northern Ireland. Working in partnership, policing prevents crime, detects offenders and protects the most vulnerable in society. We are committed to enhancing community safety and building public confidence in policing.

Center for Security Studies (KEMEA)

KEMEA has been established as the Greek Ministry of Citizen Protection (former Public Order & Citizen Protection) think tank on security policies. KEMEA is a scientific, consulting and research agency, whose purpose is to conduct theoretical and applied research and to produce studies, particularly at a strategic level, on issues concerning security policies. KEMEA also provides advisory and consulting services to the Ministry of Citizen Protection and other Public and Private authorities on these same issues. KEMEA up to now is successfully participating in more than 60 Projects of the EC, ESA and of National Resources.

It has also represented the Greek Government to the European Research and Innovation Forum (ESRIF) of the European Commission and is a Member to the Board of Directors of the European Organization for Security (EOS). KEMEA has been appointed in 2011 (Presidential Decree No39/06.05.2011) as the “National Contact Point” for the protection of ECIs (“EPCIP contact point”) of Directive 2008/114/EC of the Council of December 8th 2008 “regarding the definition and designation of the European Critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve the protection of such infrastructures”

Hochschule fur den offentlichen Dienst in Bayern (BayHFOD)

The Department for Police is located in Fürstenfeldbruck and in Sulzbach Rosenberg. Now there are about 800 students at the campus. It trains the students for the career of the professional and executive level of the Police Enforcement Service (Police Force / Constabulary or Criminal Investigation Police Department). Because of a later possible change from the police service in uniform to the service within the criminal investigation department and vice versa, there are no special fields of subjects installed at the Study Department. The University of Applied Sciences for Public Services in Bavaria – Department for Policing (BayHfoeD) is teaching future higher ranked police officers several subjects as follows: 1. Subject Section: Law / Jurisprudence: Law of Intervention, National – and Constitutional law, Criminal law and law of Summary Offence, Civil law, Traffic law, Law of Secondary Punishment, General law of Public Administration, Law of the Public Service, Law of Proceedings, Budget law and 2. Subject Section: Police Management: Criminalistics, Criminal Information– and Communication Techniques, Criminology, Operation Theory/ Teaching , Traffic Management on tactical and strategic levels, Police Operations including e.g. crisis management, crowd management, Methodology of Leadership, Sociology, Psychology, Political Science(s) / Contemporary History, Communications and Conflict Management, Professional Ethics, Police Information- and Communication Techniques. The BayHfoeD is also holding a strong contact to the Ministry of the Interior and the police stations in Bavaria to keep the knowledge actual and to serve the needs of the members of the police officers and the citizens. Besides the later described European projects the BayHfoeD has supported the police academy in Bulgaria within an Erasmus project, a partnership with the police academy in Bucharest, Romania and a partnership with the police academy in Prague, Czech Republic. A further partnership is developed with the University for Policing in Poland.

State Protection and Guard Service of the Republic of Moldova (SPPS)

The State Protection and Guard Service of the Republic of Moldova is a law enforcement body with functions in the field of national security, specialized in providing protection for the Moldovan state dignitaries, the foreign dignitaries during their stay on the territory of the Republic of Moldova, within its legal competence. It also provides guard for the headquarters and residences of the above mentioned dignitaries, ensuring public order in the proximity of the strategic areas and headquarters. Due to the powers granted by the law (Law no.134 dated 13.06.2008 on the State Protection and Guard Service), the personnel of the Service is committed to provide a safe environment for the high-ranking officials, also it is entrusted to protect, to undertake specific measures aimed at capture and annihilation of terrorist and aggressive elements that might pose a threat to the life and health of the protected VIPs with the least impact on peaceful environment. To accomplish this mission the Service has focused on prevention measures since the threat assessment and operative support are important tools of our protective programs.

Polícia Judiciária (PJ)

Polícia Judiciária (PJ), the Portuguese Criminal Police, is a higher criminal police body under the Ministry ofJustice, supervised by the Public Prosecution Authority. Its assignments are, in general, criminal prevention and investigation, as well as supporting prosecuting and judicial authorities. As a criminal investigation police force, PJ is competent for the prevention and investigation of serious and organized crime. PJ has exclusive competence on the crimes, among others: cybercrime, cyber terrorism, State security offences, conspiracy and terrorism, drugs trafficking, money counterfeiting and counterfeiting of other payment means, fraud in obtaining a subsidy, grant-in-aid or credit or their misappropriation, corruption, embezzlement and unlawful economic sharing in a deal, economy and finance-related offences committed in an organised way and resorting to computer technology, economy and finance-related offences, terrorism, slavery, kidnapping, hostage-taking, and robberies perpetrated in credit institutions or in Public Treasury offices.

Hellenic Police (Hellenic Police)

Hellenic Police is a Law Enforcement Agency according to the Law 2800/2000 and its mission is to:

– ensure peace and order as well as citizens` unhindered social development, a mission that includes general policing duties and traffic safety,

– prevent and interdict crime as well as to protect the State and the democratic form of government within the framework of constitutional order, a mission that also includes the implementation of public and state security policy,

– Preventing and checking illegal entry and exit of foreigners in Greece.

In its continuous mission to serve and protect citizens, Hellenic Police has responded to our times` demands and challenges by improving training, adopting a modern crime prevention policy, better utilizing science and technology and by exploiting international law enforcement cooperation.

Politsei- ja Piirivalveamet (PPA)

Estonian Police and Border Guard Board (Politsei- ja Piirivalveamet, PPA) is a police authority. The police is an institution of executive power within the area of government of the Ministry of the Interior and the main functions thereof are protection of public order, organization of matters of border management, detection and elimination of marine pollution, organization of search and rescue operations at sea, and organization of matters in the area of citizenship and migration. PPA is developing cooperation with other national authorities, local government units, public organizations, citizens and their communities, and other countries and international law enforcement bodies. There are approximately 5000 people working in the name of internal security of Estonia in Police and Border Guard Board. Thus, it is one of the biggest state agencies in Estonia. The territorial area of responsibility covers the whole territory of Estonia. PPA has practical knowledge in various activities related to internal security, community policing, fighting serious crime, border management and migration and citizenship issues. PPA has good practical experience in integration of different components of internal security and public safety. PPA participates in cooperation networks in Estonia and internationally with other key players of internal security, public safety and border management and with academic institutions. PPA has participated and participating in various international projects, including FP7 and Horizon2020.

Defence Institute “Professor Tsvetan Lazarov” (BDI)

The Defense Institute “Professor Tsvetan Lazarov” is a research, design and experimental and expert technical unit at the Ministry of Defense headquarters in Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bulgaria according to the Law, the Land Forces from Bulgaria Armed Forces are involved in Border Security. Also, the Bulgarian MoD has nominated BDI as the national representative in this field. The institute was created by decree #140 of 04.06.20009 as a legal entity under article 60 of the Administration Act to the MoD. It is the successor of the former military and scientific organization, the Military Scientific and Technological Institute of Military Research. Bulgarian Defence Institute “Professor Tsvetan Lazarov” is the main scientific-research, testing-design and expert-technical structure in the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Bulgaria. Bulgarian Defence Institutes’ work is focused to: Scientific-research activities, scientific-practical activities, development and experimental design activities in the sphere of Armaments, C4I Systems, Military Techniques, Logistic Equipment and Materials. Support to the Analysis of the situation of the Armaments, C4I Systems, and Military Techniques, Logistic Equipment and materials and working out of perspective prognoses on their development. Support to the Integrated Project Teams through taking part in the preparation, scientific monitoring and complete implementation of the defence programs and projects. Renewing of scientific personnel through education in doctoral programs, their development and creation of scientific-technical for needs of the Defence System. Support and ensure of scientific-technical consultations by experts for the needs of the Armaments Council and the Defence Capabilities Council. Cooperation in the sphere of research works, development, testing and certification of the defence products in the frameworks of NATO, The European Union, as well as on bilateral basis and in national aspect. Working out technical specifications and expertise, programs and methods for testing, as well as standardization and other documents, related with the acquisition of defence products. Preparation and performance of laboratory, functional, acquisition, field and other testing of armaments, C4I systems, Military techniques, Logistic equipment and materials. Treasure, acquisition and development of the departmental standards. Certification of Quality Management Systems in accordance with NATO Standards, guaranteeing of the quality and assessment of the compliance during the acquisition of defence products. Ensuring of air safety and flying suitability of the military aerial vehicles, as well as of the aerial vehicles of the Ministry of the Interior.

Victim Support Europe (VSE)

Victim Support Europe (VSE) is the leading European umbrella organisation advocating on behalf of all victims of crime, no matter what the crime, no matter who the victim is.

VSE represents 58 national member organisations, providing support and information services to more than 2 million people affected by crime every year in 30 countries.

Founded in 1990, VSE has been working for almost 30 years for a Europe, and a world, where all victims have strong victims’ rights and services, whether they report the crime or not.

VSE works towards this mission through advocacy to improve EU and international laws, through research and knowledge development and through capacity building at the national and local level.